4th March 2024

A Virtual World of Live Pictures

Technology and Computer

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Which is better?

We pit camera phone vs digital camera in a quest to determine which is best for photographers and videographers. It’s closer than you’d think!

The line between a smartphone and a digital camera is a lot blurrier than it used to be. Having a camera on your phone was once little more than a fun novelty; now, it’s common for professional content creators use a smartphone as their first and only tool for imagery and video. With every new round of flagship phones that arrives, the camera arrays get more sophisticated. The entry-level compact camera market now basically doesn’t exist any more due to the smartphone. If you’re looking to shoot photos or video, it’s seriously worth thinking about whether a smartphone or digital camera is the right tool for you.

At AP we certainly aren’t snobs about smartphone photography. We keep a regularly update our guides to the best phones, including budget options, and we run a regular smartphone photography spotlight feature to praise our favourite images taken on phones. There are loads of exciting developments always happening in the smartphone camera world – to take a recent example, our reviewer was impressed by the camera capabilities of the Xiaomi 13, a phone developed in conjunction with Leica which offers Leica colour modes. The fact that you always have a phone on you makes it an excellent camera for street photography, a genre where you never know when the next shot is going to present itself.

iPhone 14 Pro, Night mode, a street with victorian houses at night

An image taken using the iPhone 14 Pro, Night mode. Even a few short years ago, the idea of getting a night image this clear using a smartphone felt unthinkable. Photo credit: Amy Davies

But don’t count cameras out just yet. With larger sensors and interchangeable lenses, digital cameras offer unparalleled versatility in terms of the different kinds of shots they can capture. For most professional applications, a good camera is still going to reign supreme – no one is about to argue that an iPhone’s portrait mode is a better choice than a mirrorless camera and 85mm f/1.4 lens for serious portrait photography. Or at least, they shouldn’t.

Take a look at a list of the best mirrorless cameras or even the best DSLRs and you’ll see raw imaging capability that is, for the moment, beyond that of smartphones. However, as we’ve already seen, phones have many advantages of their own, and depending on what you’re out to shoot, they could end up being the better choice. And so, we’ve put together this guide to combine smartphones and cameras, category by category, and thereby figure out which is right for you.

Let’s run through the key strengths and weaknesses of smartphones and cameras as we aim to settle the question: smartphone vs digital camera: which is better?

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Sensors

Panasonic Lumix S5II sensor

A look at the full-frame sensor in a recent popular hybrid photo/video camera, the Panasonic Lumix S5 II. Photo credit: Andy Westlake

The most important part of any camera is its sensor, with the general rule for the best sensor size for high-quality imagery being the bigger the better.

With many smartphones now featuring multiple camera arrays on their backs, there’s actually multiple sensors in one device, with none of them having the room to be particularly large.

By contrast, cameras of course have much more room to house a dedicated sensor. Even relatively small cameras, such as the best compact cameras have a sensor which is several times larger than a smartphone sensor, while if you step up to mirrorless or DSLR, then sensors are larger again.

In real terms, what this means is that, without a doubt, image quality from the average dedicated camera is better than the image quality from the average smartphone.

The Xiaomi 12S Ultra, three phones standing next to each other, two showing the back are the black and grey version and the third is facing forward with the screen

The Xiaomi 12S Ultra is described as having one of the world’s most effective imaging sensors in a smartphone.

Smartphone sensors are, of course, improving. The Xiaomi 12S Ultra, announced last year, sports the largest sensor ever seen in a smartphone, a 1-inch type sensor of the kind you’d previously have only seen in mid-range and premium compact cameras like the Sony RX100 series. Though to put it in perspective, this is still a significantly smaller sensor than you’d find in any system camera – full-frame, APS-C and Four Thirds sensors all have more surface area.

How much this matters is down to the individual, as well as what you like to shoot, and in what conditions. If, for example, you only ever shoot sunny shots of your travels, and only ever share them on Instagram, it’s likely the small sensor inside your smartphone is more than capable of delivering what you need.

If, however, you like to shoot in other conditions – such as low light for example, you want highly detailed imagery, you want to create large prints (or have the capability of doing so in the future), you want to create certain effects, then a digital camera will be much better suited to that.

Winner: Camera

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Resolution

There are lots of smartphones with very high-resolution sensors these days. The latest iPhone 14 Pro has a 48-megapixel sensor, crossing the 12-megapixel barrier for the first time. However, the current kings of the hill are the Samsung S23 Ultra and the Xiaomi 12T Pro, both of which sport sensors bearing a whopping 200 megapixels of resolution.

Taken with the main wide camera on the Xiaomi 12T Pro using the night mode. A street at night with three and four storey brick buildings, cars parking and a few people walking by, a big red neon sign on the wall says " the leadmill"

An image taken with the main 200MP wide camera on the Xiaomi 12T Pro, using the night mode. Photo credit: Joshua Waller

Does a smartphone need 200MP of resolution? No, not particularly, and they’re generally not going to be used to shoot 200MP images. The main advantage of these skyrocketing pixel counts is pixel-binning –combining the data from multiple pixels into one in order to simulate the larger pixels that bigger sensors have, improving performance in low light (read our explainer, what is pixel binning, if you need some help getting your head around it).

By contrast, digital cameras are usually a bit more conservative in their resolution. Many average somewhere around 24 megapixels, but you can get higher resolution counts if you are particularly keen on shooting detail or plan to print your images. These are usually found in expensive, professional-level cameras, such as the Sony Alpha A7R IV and Sony A7R V, both of which have a 61-megapixel sensor.

Of course, a key difference is that shooters with the Sony A7R V are generally going to be using all of those 61 megapixels, rather than binning them. And with powerful built-in optical stabilisation, a grippable form factor and pin-sharp lenses (more on those shortly), they’re likely to get have much more luck getting pin-sharp images that make the most of all those pixels. The thing about high resolutions is that they’re unforgiving – a small mis-focusing or a bit of blur caused by camera shake is a lot more obvious when captured in millions of pixels. If you want to use high resolutions to make prints of images, then a camera is likely the way to go.

Winner: Camera

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Autofocus

In many genres of photography, a good reliable autofocus system is often the difference between nailing the shot and missing it entirely. If you’re a street, action or wildlife photographer, meaning you’re working with subjects that won’t sit still on command, then you need a focusing system that will lock on quickly, and ideally one that can keep hold of a subject even as it moves through the frame.

Smartphone autofocus has come a long way, especially in recent years with newer phones getting phase-detect on-chip autofocus and tracking in video. However, digital camera autofocus has recently taken a huge leap forward with the widespread adoption of a powerful new feature – AI-powered subject-detection autofocus. This system allows an autofocus system to automatically recognise specific subjects such as humans, animals, vehicles and more, and keep the focus firmly locked on them.

This isn’t exactly a new feature – deep-learning subject-recognition autofocus cropped up on the Canon EOS-1D X Mark III back in 2020. However, that was a pro-level DSLR with a high price tag, and since then the feature has rolled out to enthusiast-level cameras like the Fujifilm X-T5, and even to entry-level beginner cameras like the Canon EOS R50. Combine this with the super-fast phase-detection autofocus systems common to practically all contemporary mirrorless cameras, and you’re basically shooting in cheat mode.

Fujifilm X-T5 gull sample image, seagull captured in flight, in the background seagulls floating on top of the water

An image taken with the X-T5’s bird recognition AF, and shot in 24MP crop mode. Fujifilm X-T5, XF 70-300mm F4-5.6 R LM OIS WR at 110mm, 1/1250sec at f/5, ISO 1000

Of course, smartphones do have face detection, and generally selection the focus point on a phone is pretty intuitive as you can just tap the screen where you want the camera to focus. For now though, it’s no contest.

Winner: Camera

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Lenses

Most high-end smartphones these days feature at least three lenses, with quad-lens arrays currently the standard on flagship models. Even mid-range options will generally have two or three lenses on the back.

What that usually means is that you get a “standard” lens, as well as an ultra-wide, and often at least one telephoto (zoom) lens. This gives you a good degree of flexibility to capture images in a variety of different focal lengths. Many of the mid-range and cheaper smartphones plump for a wide and super-wide angle only.

Samsung S23 Ultra vs Samsung S22 Ultra side by side

A look at the comprehensive camera arrays on Samsung’s last two flagship phones, the S23 and S22 Ultras. Photo credit: Amy Davies.

When it comes to “real” cameras, compact cameras will have one lens, but usually this is an optical zoom lens which covers a variety of different focal lengths (though you won’t usually get an ultra-wide, not without some kind of converter).

DSLRs and mirrorless cameras have interchangeable lenses, meaning there’s dozens of different options available, depending on what you like to shoot. Some lenses are fixed or “prime” lenses, meaning they have just one focal length. Others are zoom lenses, giving you the option to use a variety of different focal lengths.

There’s also an array of specialist optics, such as those which are good for shooting close-up images (macro lens), ultra-wide angles, tilt-shift lenses, and so on.

smartphone vs digital camera Sony Alpha A7R IV with third-party lenses

DSLRs and Mirrorless cameras have interchangeable lenses, meaning there’s dozens of different options available, depending on what you like to shoot. Photo credit: Andy Westlake.

This can mean you end up with a whole bag full of different lenses, which is of course less convenient than shooting with your phone – but with much higher image quality. There are also some “all-in-one” or “superzoom” lenses which are useful for travelling light.

Winner: Camera

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Ease of Use

Many prefer the tactility of a “proper” camera, with dials and buttons giving you direct access to settings and the like. There’s also something to be said for pushing a physical shutter release – for many it makes them feel more like “photographers”.

smartphone vs digital camera Fujifilm X-T4 ISO / Shutter speed dials, Andy Westlake

Many prefer the tactility of a “proper” camera, with dials and buttons giving you direct access to settings and the like.  Photo credit: Andy Westlake

By contrast, a smartphone camera usually is controlled by on-screen buttons and menu selections. Many smartphones will allow you to use a physical button for the shutter release, but of course there’s no grip or chunky body to get your hands around.

Another thing worth considering is manual control. Some smartphones have this capability within their native apps, meaning you can change settings such as ISO, shutter speed and so on. Some smartphones, such as Google and Apple phones, don’t have this capability directly within the native camera app, but you can download additional apps to give you that functionality.

Most dedicated cameras have semi-automatic and manual controls, giving you even greater scope to change any setting you want to. It’s worth remembering however that for many, the simplicity of a smartphone’s operation will be appealing too.

Winner: Camera

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Screens and Viewfinders

With smartphones, it’s generally all about the screen – as that’s how you’ll operate most of its functions. Screens on high-end smartphones are incredibly good now, with ultra-high resolutions and brightness. Although this doesn’t apply to every phone, often they’re also tough as they’ll use materials such as Gorilla Glass – manufacturers have become all too aware how easy it is to drop a smartphone.

Samsung Galaxy S23 Ultra and pen

We’re all familiar with a smartphone display at this point. Photo credit: Amy Davies

By contrast, screens on digital cameras are a different beast altogether. While resolutions have been creeping up over the years, it’s unlikely you’ll find a camera screen which matches the resolution of a mid-range or high-end smartphone. That said, the screens are generally much smaller (3 or 3.2-inches is the standard), so it won’t be as noticeable.

Some cameras have fixed screens, which is not particularly helpful if you want to shoot selfies and video content. Then again, with smartphones, the only way you can do that is by switching to the front-facing camera, which is generally not as good as the rear-facing camera. Many cameras have tilting or articulating screens, meaning you can face them forward when photographing or videoing yourself – making them ideal for content creators.

Canon EOS R3 viewfinder, and articulating LCD screen turned outwards to the side

An articulating screen, like this example on the Canon EOS R3, can be hugely useful for vlogging or for shooting from unusual angles. Photo credit: Andy Westlake

On top of that, many cameras also feature an in-built viewfinder, which many find preferable to shooting through. Electronic viewfinders have seriously improved over the last ten years, too, so there’s no longer such a battle between optical and electronic devices.

Canon EOS R6 Mark II viewfinder

A close look at the electronic viewfinder on the Canon EOS R6 Mark II. Photo credit: Andy Westlake

Winner: Draw

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Size

The best travel cameras will be those that offer you a good degree of flexibility that exceeds the quality of your smartphone. You can now get excellent (relatively) small cameras, which make great travel companions without having to compromise too much on image quality. Even some modern full-frame cameras are surprisingly small.

A hand holding the Sigma fp black camera smartphone vs digital camera

The Sigma fp L is a full-frame camera that fits in the palm of a hand. Photo credit: Andy Westlake

That said, there is no getting away from the fact that smartphones are much more pocket-friendly. Especially since you’ll be carrying a smartphone regardless, if travelling as light as possible is the top priority, smartphones are the obvious winner.

iPhone 14 Pro

The iPhone 14 Pro being held in hand. Photo credit: Amy Davies.

Winner: Smartphone

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Video

Smartphones are great tools for capturing video, mainly due to their simplicity and with a range of tools readily available to create certain types of video – such as time-lapse, slow-motion and so on. Lots of smartphones even offer video editing as a native app, and there’s hundreds of apps you can download to also do that job for you.

Most modern smartphones offer 4K video shooting as standard, with some, such as the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra and Samsung Galaxy S23 Ultra, even offering 8K video recording capability.

Canon EOS R5 with canon RF 24-70mm F2.8 L IS USM lens

The Canon EOS R5 is a benchmark for modern video quality. Photo credit: Michael Topham.

Digital cameras are also excellent for video, but as a rule perhaps require a little bit more specialist knowledge to get the best from them. You will almost certainly need a third-party video editor to work with your footage.

Again, most modern digital cameras offer 4K as standard, with 8K available on some models, such as the Canon EOS R5. Take a look at our guide to the best cameras for video, vlogging and videography for more information.

Winner: Draw

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Convenience

One of the oldest adages in photography is that the best camera is the one you have on you. As such, you can see the innate of advantage of a camera that you’re pretty much guaranteed to always have on you – and have immediately accessible. Inspiration to shoot can hit at any time, as can the perfect light, and even if you’re someone who’d always rather use your camera, a smartphone shot is invariably better than no shot at all.

Of course, smartphones don’t have it all completely their own way. There are some advantages to having a device that’s dedicated to shooting and shooting only – you’re never going to run down your camera’s battery by watching YouTube or scrolling TikTok. Overall, however, there’s a lot to be said for a high-quality camera that slips into a pocket.

Winner: Smartphone

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Connectivity

Almost all modern cameras have in-built Wi-Fi and/or Bluetooth, meaning you can connect them up to your smartphone for quick sharing of your images online or via email and social media. Some are easy to use and transfer images, while others are frustratingly fiddly and don’t always work the first time.

Xiaomi 13 Pro, Amy Davies

Xiaomi 13 Pro, Phot credit: Amy Davies

That’s simply not a problem for the smartphone, which of course has the connection baked right in. If you’re a social sharer, there’s no quicker way than shooting on your smartphone and sharing straightaway. And if you want a camera so you can email and share pictures straight away, then a smartphone is your best choice.

If you’re somebody that prefers to get home, edit their pictures and take their time – it’s less of a concern.

Winner: Smartphone

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Price

Price is a bit of a tricky one, as is considering value for money. Both smartphones and cameras are available at a range of price points, with some more affordable than others.

High-end smartphones can cost in excess of $1000 / £1000, but you do of course get more than a camera for your money. By contrast, some digital cameras can be picked up cheap as chips (especially second hand), but it’s also equally true that some cameras can cost many thousands of dollars / pounds.

While it’s true that the smartphone offers the most flexibility, and arguably therefore the best value for money. Again, it’s likely you’re going to need a smartphone whatever you do, so if you’re buying one anyway, it might be worth getting the best smartphone for photography. However, it’s also true that you could buy yourself a low-priced smartphone and invest the money you save on better camera gear.

Winner: Smartphone

Smartphone vs Digital Camera: Which is better?

Some questions in life are harder to answer than others. Smartphones are great, so are digital cameras – but the answer to which is better for photography is subjective and will depend on a variety of factors.

It’s safe to say that – for now at least – the digital camera – or at least the best cameras for photography – are still king when it comes to image quality. However, there’s no getting around the fact that the smartphone is best for those who don’t want to be weighed down with heavy and cumbersome gear.

Tamron 50-400mm F/4.5-6.3 Di III VC VXD, Joshua Waller

Digital cameras give you more flexibility when it comes to lenses and accessories, but smartphones are much better for quickly sharing your images and video online.

In deciding which is best for you, you’ll need to decide which factor is most important for you. For the average photographer, it’s a fair assumption that a dedicated camera is still what you need. For those who are more casual snappers, the smartphone likely serves their needs perfectly well.

Featured image credit: Marco Xu and Victor Larracuente via Unsplash.

Text by Amy Davies, with contributions from Jon Stapley.

Related articles:

Follow AP on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube and TikTok.